Today email is effectively a plaintext communication sent from email clients to receiving email servers or from one server to another. This design limitation leaves the content of a message in transit open for anyone to eavesdrop; from a wireless hotspot at the airport or coffee shop to your ISP and internet backbone providers that carry your messages throughout the world.
Transport Layer Security (TLS) helps solve this issue by offering encryption technology for your message while it is "in transit" from one secure email server to another. That is, TLS helps prevent eavesdropping on email as it is carried between email servers that have enabled TLS protections for email. Just as TLS can be used to secure web communications (HTTPS), it can secure email transport. In both applications, TLS has similar strengths and weaknesses. To maximize the content security and privacy, TLS is required between all the servers that handle the message including hops between internal and external servers.
TLS is rapidly being adopted as the standard for secure email. Since 2007 led by the Financial Services Roundtables / BITS, leading banks including JPMorgan Chase, Bank of America and others have implemented TLS for communications between banks to provide added security and privacy for bank-to-bank emails.
Key features of TLS includes:
- Encrypted messages: TLS uses Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) to encrypt messages from mail server to mail server. This encryption makes it more difficult for hackers to intercept and read messages.
- Authentication: TLS supports the use of digital certificates to authenticate the receiving servers. Authentication of sending servers is optional. This process verifies that the receivers (or senders) are who they say they are, which helps to prevent spoofing.
Opportunistic TLS is accomplished when used by both sending and receiving parties to negotiate a secured SSL/TLS session and encrypt the message. Today leading consumer ISPs and mailbox providers including Comcast, Google, Microsoft and Yahoo are now supporting TLS. The OTA Online Trust Audit & Honor Roll and the companion Email Security Audit incorporates tracking of adoption of TLS.
OTA recommends organization’s adopt TLS and periodically test their servers to help ensure their configuration is secure and optimized.
- Agari Blog TLS & DMARC
- Facebook TLS Blog
- Facebook Report - August 2014
- Google Transport Layer Security for Inbound Mail
- Microsoft Advancing Encryption & Transparency
- MAAWG December Press Release - Dec 2014 (related YouTube video)
- Understanding TLS in Exchange
- Toward Better Privacy in Email - SMTP over TLS (Return Path)
Testing Tools (Note these may have issues identifying certain MX records and subdomains vs corporate mail systems. Links are provided for information purposes only)